4.7/5 - (28 votes)

Last Updated on June 11, 2024 by Alex Houben

Are you planning to get a 3D printer for your home or office but have some queries about power consumption? Are you worried about the electricity bill that you will have to pay later on?

If yes, this guide will lead you toward the absolute answers only.

How Much Electricity Does A 3D Printer Use

The expenditure for a 3D printer does not get completed upon its purchase, but it starts from here. Along with the average cost of the 3D printer itself and the materials for printing out objects, it becomes quite necessary for a person to know about its energy consumption as well. 

The market is full of a wide range of 3D printer models where each one draws a different level of electricity. The printers with large buildups are supposed to consume more power than the ones with small buildups. Moreover, printers working at a higher temperature also consume more power.

The electricity consumption for 3D printing is a recurrent cost of electricity that one can’t ignore anyhow. So, if you are going to purchase a 3D printer, you need to look up the things that can keep power expenses low.

Before going further, there are certain questions that we need to solve and the leading one is: How much electricity does a 3D printer use?

It is a fair question and the most obvious to ask. It is great fun to 3D print our objects but along with it we also need different things to make it cost-effective. 

The guide will provide you with absolute solutions for queries like the amount of power consumption and the ways to manage it perfectly.

Is 3D Printing Too Expensive to Run?

Well, it is one of the most common and most necessary questions that come to one’s mind while making the final selection for 3D printers. The overall printing expenses depend upon the different things.

3D Printer Costs

3D printers come in a wide range of price points and features. The overall price of your 3D printing setup will be impacted most by the cost of the printer itself. There are many different types of 3D printers on the market, each with its own unique set of features. The best printer for you will depend on your skill level, budget, and what you plan to use it for. It’s important to consider your needs and preferences when choosing a 3D printer. Once you have a good understanding of what you want and need in a 3D printer, you can start shopping around for the best deal. 

The overall deal of electricity for the 3D printers relies on the brand it is belonging to, the technology involved, power usage, and quality. Moreover, if you are willing to upgrade your 3D printer, you again need to spend money on it. Issues like nozzle jams and other technical errors may also add some more to the overall cost of the 3D printers.

Electricity and Power Consumption Cost

The other thing that can add up fast is electricity. A 3D printer needs about 30A 12V to draw 360 Watts of power. A printer with a heated bed of 60° Celsius uses around 70 Watts of power per hour. This means that a 10-hour print uses approximately 0.7KWh. That adds up fast.

3D printing has become incredibly popular these days. You can find a wide range of objects and materials made with 3D printing. Industrial 3D printers are designed to run efficiently for hours on end, with some able to run for two to three days straight.

These types of printers can easily provide you with error-free results while operating for more than 24 hours without any breaks.  The standard 3D printers available in the market usually consume about 50 Watts of power per hour. This kind of 3D printer is generally considered to be a great option for non-industrial usage.

As we said earlier, FDM printers can be consistently used nonstop for longer hours, which can further raise your electricity bills to a greater extent.

Moreover, the heating of the printers with heat beds also consumes a lot of electricity. One needs to provide about 120 Volts of power for heating the print beds. It means that if you are planning to purchase a 3D printer, you need to be ready for the power consumption of about 600 Watts per hour so that it can get heated up perfectly and provide you with absolute 3D prints.

3D Printing Consumable Materials 

3D printers alone can do nothing. One needs to use different supported consumable materials also to run it efficiently. Before investing in the preferable 3D printer, one should need to consider the consumable material their 3D printer is going to use and in what amount. 

The most common consumable materials used for running a 3D printer efficiently are high-temperature filaments and liquid resin. The cost of the filaments being used in the 3D printers depends upon their construction material.

For example, the cost of generic PLA filament is much less than that of PETG filaments. Moreover, ABS filaments are often considered to be quite expensive. The Liquid resin also comes up in different pricing options.

What are the total expenses for running a 3D printer efficiently?

The performance of the 3D printer is often measured as per hourly rates. The initial cost of the 3D printer includes the cost of different consumables such as towels, cleaners, isopropyl alcohol, rubber gloves, filaments, and different others. We would always advise you to tackle the overall power consumption of the 3D printer so that you could ensure that your 3D printer is consuming a very reasonable measure of a Kilowatt hour.

The exact expenditure for running a 3D printer cannot be measured anyhow. Certain factors can affect the overall cost of 3D printing. The amount of power to be consumed per KWh by a 3D printer depends upon the powered components it includes. 3D printer options often come up in different varieties. There are certain 3D printers available in the market that consume a lot of electricity for giving power to different parts such as fans, hot-end nozzles, heated build platforms, and stepper motors. One can easily find some 3D printers also that are quite energy-efficient and work smartly.

Moreover, different factors like printer age, printing speed, supporting material, and applicable 3D printing technology also affect the power meter bills to a greater extent. I hope it has solved your queries related to the cost of 3D printers, if you still have any, you can check out the electricity cost by checking out the power consumption through the formula:

Power = Current x Voltage 

And then can check out the overall cost accordingly.

Does a 3D Printer use a lot of electricity?

If you’re trying to find out the exact power consumption of your 3D printer, Electricity Monitoring Tools are your best bet. These tools can be easily installed between your 3D printer and the electricity socket to give you an accurate reading of your power usage. They’re the best solution for a complicated problem.

What factors contribute to the level of power 3D printing consumes?

The total power consumption by a 3D printer depends upon different factors. If you want to know what exactly are they, just check out the one we are going to provide you below:

Heating at the Hot End

Hot ends consume the most power in a 3D printer. The amount of power a hot end uses depends on the printing temperature you need to use for the type of filament you’re printing with. Some filaments like Nylon and ABS have higher melting points and therefore require higher temperatures to print and more power.

Printer Bed Heating

Well, working on the 3D printing filament options, especially those that require heating processes, is simply not so easy. One needs to take care of certain factors during the entire process to provide absolute 3D prints.

The heat needed to be provided for heating the printer bed depends upon the heat provided to the hot end nozzle. A suitable heat ensures perfect bed adhesion and hence prevents your objects from getting wrapped during the 3D printing.

One of the things that affect the power consumption of 3D printers the most is the heated bed. If your 3D printer uses a heated bed, the size and temperature will have a major impact on its electricity usage. If you have a large print bed, or if it needs to be heated to a higher temperature, then you’ll need to use more electricity.

Heat Losses

Heat loss is something I never considered with my 3D printer. I assumed that if the printer was off, it wasn’t using any electricity. It’s shocking to me that the Z-axis and stepper motors get heated up to 200 degrees Celsius instantly and maintain that temperature for a long time. That uses a lot of power even when I’m not printing! Does anyone know what I can do to cool down the heating parts efficiently and lower my power bills?

Stepper Motors

Stepper motors are one of the most important parts of a 3D printer that drain a lot of power. They’re small, integrated components of 3D printers that provide precise positioning with a motor. A 3D printer comes with two sets of stepper motors. The first set controls the extruder gear, and the second controls the nozzle movement during printing. These stepper motors run during the entire 3D printing project and use a lot of power as a result.

Control Board

The Control Board has often been termed the brain of a 3D printer. It is a component of a 3D printer that is used for controlling multiple electrical components during the printing process. It controls all of the movable parts of the printer and hence ensures its smooth functioning.

How to lower the power electricity consumption of a 3D printer?

A 3D printer often brings up higher electricity bills. Lowering the electricity bills for a 3D printer is not a tough job. The only thing you have to do here is to work smart. Bigger 3D printers often tend to consume more power. If you’re planning to get a 3D printer for personal use, a smaller model is a good option. These printers are generally less expensive, and they don’t take up as much space. They’re also more energy-efficient than larger printers. In addition, smaller printers have a smaller bed size, which means they use less plastic filament. However, they can still print objects of a decent size.

Moreover, you can reduce the amount of electricity consumption on a 3D printer through filament options as well. To reduce the power costs, you can pick up the 3D printing filaments that don’t require a heated bed or higher temperature nozzles for working on. 

The usage of a bigger-sized printer nozzle is also a great idea for reducing electricity bills to a greater extent.


So Guys! I hope you have found the perfect solutions for all of your queries now. The world of 3D printing is full of fun and excitement. One can easily reduce the electricity bills for 3D printers just by taking care of a few factors. We have added here all the details like how much electricity a 3D printer uses and factors affecting electricity consumption. I hope this guide will make your journey with a 3D printer much easier.

How Much Electricity Does a 3D Printer Use?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *